In the Caribbean, several scholars and researchers are producing new insights and knowledge on some of the most salient issues in this region. These are also investigating how new ideas and practices can have a significant impact when the lessons learned from their research and the recommendations they make are taken into account in development planning. Below are recent and noteworthy publications by Caribbean scholars.
Dr. Jean-Paul Skeete (Barbados)
Skeete, J-P. (2017). Examining the role of policy design and policy interaction in EU automotive emissions performance gaps. Energy Policy, 104(2017), 373-381.
In the wake of the 2015 ‘Dieselgate’ scandal, the US and European governments publicly confronted automakers about their behaviour, which raised concerns about the integrity of the current emissions legislation regimes. In this article, I argue that ‘flexibilities’ within the EU’s emissions legislative framework afforded automakers the opportunity to legally sidestep strict performance standards laid out in the law and resulted in a significant performance gap in real-world driving emissions. This article provides a timely examination of EU emission legislation policy design and policy interaction within the European Union with the aim of explaining why the EU policy framework failed to regulate the regional automotive industry. Current research is mostly concerned with the typology and effectiveness of individual environmental policy instruments, be it regulatory or economic incentives, that aim to influence industry behaviour. This article approaches the current EU policy regime in a more holistic manner and focuses on the exploitation of weaknesses in the regulatory framework by private firms, which has received little academic attention in the innovation and transition literature. A major contribution of this article therefore is a body of primary qualitative interview data from industry elites concerning relevant emissions policies.
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Gerardo Berthin (USA) and Dr. Terri-Ann Gilbert-Roberts (Jamaica)
Berthin, G. and Gilbert-Roberts, T-A. (2018). Explaining youth policy participation in Latin America and the Caribbean through social auditing processes. Olhares Amazónicas: Revista do Núcleo de Pesquisas Eleitorais e Políticas da Amazónia/Universidade Federal de Roraima 6(2), 1186-1221.
Empowering and enabling youth to play an active role in decision-making processes on policy is critical for democratic governance in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC). One out of every four people in LAC is under 30, yet this population has low levels of representation in national bodies, and far less at local levels. Moreover, today’s youth in LAC are relatively better educated and more urbanized than previous generations; as such, they have the potential to be a creative force and dynamic source of innovation. Yet emerging evidence shows that young people are often excluded and/or exclude themselves from policy processes. Likewise, they have low levels of trust in formal democratic institutions. This limits potential political support for systems of democratic governance, curtails enthusiasm for participation in policy-making processes and adversely affects levels of tolerance for transparent government and constructive policy dialogue. In this paper, we use evidence from twelve social auditing workshops, conducted from 2011 to 2015, in which nearly 300 young leaders from 20 countries in LAC engaged in capacity-building and policy-dialogue exercises. Social auditing was used as a tool to empower youth, promote their participation in policy-making processes, and analyze the transparency and accountability of public policies. The workshop methodology offered several means for observation and interaction with youth (surveys, case studies, and policy discussions). We systematically analyzed the factors that enabled and inhibited youth empowerment and policy participation, and share useful lessons and recommendations.
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